This study describes the first year of the yoga program in the Encinitas School District, in California. This program was the subject of a court case in which the school district was sued by a family for government sponsorship of religion. The judge ruled that though yoga has religious roots it was not religious in the way it was being taught in Encinitas. For more information, have a look at this article.
The study involved interviews with yoga instructors, teachers, principals, district leaders and parents, as well as stakeholder surveys, and other indicators. Although there were limitations in the study, the findings relating to well-being, behaviour and other school based outcomes are promising.
Corke 2014 Yoga in public schools in Encinitas
This pilot study examined the effects of a classroom-based yoga intervention on cortisol concentrations and perceived behaviour in children. The study took place over ten weeks in two classrooms. Cortisol levels were measured and teachers recorded their perceptions of the effects of the intervention on students’ cognitive, social, and emotional skills. The results suggested that school-based yoga may be advantageous for stress management and behaviour.
Unfortunately we cannot provide this article directly here due to copyright issues. You can access the purchase page here. If you require further information about the article please get in touch with us at the Foundation.
This report, published in 2014, provides a useful picture of the situation in the UK in relation to children and young people’s health. It is aimed at all those who have an interest and contribution to make towards improving children and young people’s health, including people working in the healthcare, social care and education systems. Chapter 8 focuses especially on education.
Children and Young Peoples Health Forum Annual Report 2014
Future in Mind is a Department of Health report, publushed in 2015, on promoting, protecting and improving young people’s mental health and wellbeing. Though an extensive document at 76 pages it sets out a clear picture of the situation in young people´s mental health in the UK, and makes a series of proposals that have a connection with yoga in the sense that yoga could be a valuable part of the implementation of many of them. This document provides part of the background for our practice as teachers and promoters of yoga as a tool for young people’s wellbeing.
NHS Future in Mind report on mental health and well being
This article, from 2014, outlines the preliminary outcomes of a yoga and mindfulness intervention for school teachers. The study was randomised and aimed to assess a 6 session yoga and mindfulness program for teachers. 7 schools participated in the study. Initial findings indicate that the intervention may be beneficial for some teachers, but that it was hard to recruit teachers to the pilot. The article makes recommendations for improving this, and for research on the use of yoga and mindfulness with teachers.
Ancona 2014 Outcomes of a Y+M intervention for teachers
This image sets out the effects of sustained yoga practice on the body and mind after different periods of time. It can be useful to show people the benefits, either as a handout or as a poster on the wall of the yoga room.
In this study, the authors compared changes in gamma aminobutyric (GABA) levels in the brain in an acute yoga session and a session of reading. Low levels of GABA are associated with depression and anxiety. The results indicate that in experienced yoga practitioners GABA levels increase after a session of yoga.
Due to copyright issues we cannot unfortunately make the article directly available here. The link to the purchase page is here. However, for further information about the article, please get in touch with us at the Foundation.
This article reviews 35 trials that assessed the role of yoga in reducing the signs and symptoms of anxiety and stress. 25 of the trials found a reduction in stress and/or anxiety symptoms when yoga was implemented. However the authors noted that many of the studies had limitations such as small populations, lack of control groups and lack of randomisation that make their results inconclusive. In summary, the literature suggests that yoga may help to relieve anxiety and stress, but further research is needed, with larger populations, longer duration, appropriate control groups and randomisation before yoga can be recommended as a treatment.
2012 Li The effects of yoga on anxiety and stress
This article from 2011 is a systematic review of research in order to explore the effectiveness of yoga in treating pain. The review looked at ten different randomized clinicial trials that investigated the use of yoga in patients with any kind of pain. The results of nine of these suggest that yoga leads to a greater reduction in pain than other interventions, which indicates that yoga has the potential to alleviate pain, though the authors point out that definitive conclusions cannot be drawn.
Unfortunately for copyright reasons we cannot provide this article directly. Here is a link to the purchase page. However, if you need further information about the article, please get in touch with us at the Foundation.